Chinese activist and documentary maker Ai Xiaoming (left) takes a photograph of the wives and children of some of the human rights lawyers detained as part of a crackdown by Chinas leaders. Photograph: Ai Xiaoming
Human rights groups say the so-called
709 crackdown named after the day and month it began has made a mockery of President Xi Jinpings claims to be attempting to advance the rule of law in China.
Activists and western diplomats see the detentions as part of wider attempts to rein in civil society and muzzle dissent that have intensified since Xi came to power in 2012.
On Thursday, the eve of the crackdowns one-year anniversary,
Human Rights Watch urged Beijing to release the lawyers, saying they were at high risk of torture. Every day these people languish in detention deepens the stain on Chinas reputation, it said.
Amnesty International called on Xi Jinping to end Chinas relentless repression and accused the Communist party of using every repressive and dirty trick in the book to crush this respected group of lawyers.
Sophie Richardson, Human Rights Watchs
China director, said: It is appalling. How can this government possibly claim any respect for the rule of law when it has arbitrarily detained and held incommunicado for a year, in violation of multiple aspects of criminal procedure, a group of peaceful human rights lawyers?
Richardson said the majority of those being held had been denied the right to appoint their own attorneys or even see their families. Kafka would have a field day with this.
Ais 23-minute independent documentary, which was released online this week, highlights the anguish caused by Beijings attack on the countrys human rights community.
The director said Yuan, her films main character, had faced an emotional rollercoaster since her husbands detention on 12 July 2015, when she was one month pregnant.
In one scene Yuan breaks down in tears as she recounts how police prevented her 41-year-old husband from attending the funeral of his mother when she died six weeks after he was seized.
I wish he could come back to say sorry and to see her off, says the lawyers wife who also had to give birth to the couples third child without the support of her imprisoned husband.
Yuan Shanshan holds her four-month-old unnamed daughter, who was born following the detention of her husband by Chinese authorities. Photograph: Ai Xiaoming
In Xies absence their baby daughter, who was born in March, has yet to be named.
Beijing has been tight-lipped over the fate of the human rights lawyers in the lead up to the crackdowns anniversary on Saturday. In 2015 the Communist party-controlled press
dismissed the lawyers as self-serving publicists and troublemakers who were intent on stoking unrest.
Yuan told the Guardian she hoped the documentary about her familys plight would offer encouragement to other families and victims of injustice.
We also want people who havent encountered such treatment to understand Chinas legal situation so they [are able] to protect themselves, she added.
Ai, a 63-year-old retired literature professor and feminist who started making documentaries in 2004, said she wanted her films to help society reflect on and remember key social issues. Documentaries are about bearing witness. They make people see each other, she said.
On its own a documentary might not directly be able to change something, Ai added. But telling these stories is very important.
Additional reporting by Christy Yao