(CNN)Here is some background information about Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting. In 2016, Ramadan begins on June 6 at sundown through July 5 (dates may vary slightly by country depending on the first sighting of the crescent moon).
Ramadan is the Islamic holy month of fasting during which Muslims may not eat or drink during daylight hours.
Shahadah: Affirmation that there is no deity but God and Mohammed is his messenger.
Salat: Praying five times daily.
Zakat: Giving to charity.
Sawm: Fasting during the month of Ramadan.
Hajj: Making a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime.